NAME

ICC::Profile - A set of Perl modules to read, write, create and edit ICC profiles.

SYNOPSIS

    use ICC::Profile;

    # create a new object
    $profile = ICC::Profile->new(); # empty object
    $profile = ICC::Profile->new($hash); # from a hash
    $profile = ICC::Profile->new($file_path); # from a file

    # get/set header hash
    $hash = $profile->header();
    $hash = $profile->header($replace);

    # get/set profile header
    $array = $profile->profile_header();
    $array = $profile->profile_header($replace);

    # get/set profile tag table
    $array = $profile->tag_table();
    $array = $profile->tag_table($replace);

    # get/set tag
    $A2B0 = $profile->tag('A2B0'); # get tag
    $A2B0 = $profile->tag({'A2B0' => $new_tag}); # set tag

    # write profile
    $profile->write($file_path);

    # print profile contents
    $profile->dump();

DESCRIPTION

ICC::Profile is the main module from a set of object-oriented modules for creating and using ICC profiles. This set includes modules for each of the required tags, and some others that are commonly used. The distribution also includes various support modules. These modules support the creation and use of ICC profiles, but do not correspond to actual profile tags.

This document refers to version 4.3 of the ICC specification. Other versions may use different section numbers.

You can (and should) download the specification from the ICC web site, http://www.color.org/specification/ICC1v43_2010-12.pdf. This document is also available as ISO 15076-1:2010.

ICC::Profile supports all types of profiles, including those with the MPE tags introduced in version 4.3. All required tag types have a corresponding Perl module and class. Other tag types are handled by the 'Generic.pm' module, which treats the tag contents as binary data. It is straightforward to add custom tag modules, if needed.

Object structure

An ICC::Profile object is a blessed array reference. The array contains three elements, the object header, the profile header, and the tag table.

    # create empty profile object
    my $self = [
        {},    # object header
        [],    # profile header
        []     # tag table
    ];

The profile header contains metadata and general information that applies to all tags. The tag table contains the signature, offset and size of each tag, plus a reference to the associated tag object. For example,

    use ICC::Profile;

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Color/Profiles/Recommended/CoatedGRACoL2006.icc');
    $profile->dump();

produced the following output:

                    Size: 654456 bytes
           Preferred CMM: ADBE
   Specification Version: 2.1.0
                   Class: prtr
                    Data: CMYK
                     PCS: Lab 
                 Created: 2009-06-26 00:22:19
                Platform: APPL
                   Flags: <0x00000000>
     Device Manufacturer: ADBE
            Device Model: 
       Device Attributes: <0x00000000> <0x00000000>
        Rendering Intent: 0
          PCS Illuminant: 0.96420, 1.00000, 0.82491
                 Creator: ADBE
           MD5 Signature:

   #   Tag           Object Type         Offset     Size
   1  'desc'  ICC::Profile::desc            300      128
   2  'cprt'  ICC::Profile::text            428      133
   3  'wtpt'  ICC::Profile::XYZ_            564       20
   4  'targ'  ICC::Profile::text            584       29
   5  'tech'  ICC::Profile::sig_            616       12
   6  'vued'  ICC::Profile::desc            628       94
   7  'view'  ICC::Profile::view            724       36
   8  'A2B0'  ICC::Profile::mft2            760    89958
   9  'A2B2'  ICC::Profile::mft2            760    89958
  10  'A2B1'  ICC::Profile::mft2          90720    89958
  11  'B2A0'  ICC::Profile::mft1         180680   145588
  12  'B2A1'  ICC::Profile::mft1         326268   145588
  13  'B2A2'  ICC::Profile::mft1         471856   145588
  14  'gamt'  ICC::Profile::mft1         617444    37009

This shows the profile header followed by the tag table. Each tag is a Perl object with its own properties and methods.

Usage

The above example shows how to create (open) an ICC::Profile object from an actual ICC profile. The tag table is an index to the individual tags within the profile. These individual tags are objects containing the profile's CLUTs, LUTs, matrices, color values, etc. Each object type has its own set of methods for getting, setting, and using these elements. Many tag objects have a transform method, which is called to process data, according to the ICC specification. For example,

    use ICC::Profile;

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Color/Profiles/Recommended/CoatedGRACoL2006.icc');

    ($A2B, $B2A) = $profile->tag(qw(A2B1 B2A1)); # get the 'A2B1' and 'B2A1' tags

    @rt = $B2A->transform($A2B->transform(0.5, 0.4, 0.4, 0)); # compute round-trip for CMYK color [50, 40, 40, 0]

    print "round-trip @rt\n"; # print the result

The input device values (0.5, 0.4, 0.4, 0) are transformed to the PCS (L*a*b* in this case) using the A2B1 tag, and then back to device values using the B2A1 tag (round-trip transform).

METHODS

Creating ICC::Profile objects

new

This method creates an ICC::Profile object.

With no parameters, the object contains the empty basic structure (see "Object structure").

An object may be created from a hash, whose values are set in the ICC profile header.

An object may also be created from an existing ICC profile.

Usage

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new(); # empty object
    $profile = ICC::Profile->new($hash); # from a hash
    $profile = ICC::Profile->new($file_path); # from a file

Examples

    use ICC::Profile;

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new(); # make empty object

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new({'class' => 'prtr', 'data' => 'CMYK', 'PCS' => 'Lab '}); # make object from hash (see notes 1 and 2)

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('~/Desktop/my_profile.icc'); # open an existing ICC profile
    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('~/Desktop/my_image.tif'); # open an ICC profile embedded in a TIFF file
    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('~/Desktop/my_image.psd'); # open an ICC profile embedded in a Photoshop file
  1. Hash values contain the profile class and other header data. Required hash keys are 'class', 'data', and 'PCS'. Optional hash keys are 'version', 'subclass', and 'render'.

    The 'class' value is a 4-character string, as described in section 7.2.5 of the ICC specification.

        'scnr' – Input device (scanner)
        'mntr' – Display device (monitor)
        'prtr' – Output device (printer)
        'link' – Device link
        'spac' – Color space
        'abst' – Abstract
        'nmcl' – Named

    The 'data' value is a 4-character string, as described in section 7.2.6 of the ICC specification.

        'XYZ ' – nCIEXYZ or PCSXYZ (depends on context)
        'Lab ' – CIELAB or PCSLAB (depends on context)
        'Luv ' – CIELUV
        ‘YCbr’ – YCbCr
        'Yxy ' – CIEYxy
        'RGB ' – RGB
        'GRAY' – Gray
        'HSV ' – HSV
        'HLS ' – HLS
        'CMYK' – CMYK
        'CMY ' – CMY
        '2CLR' – 2 color
        '3CLR' – 3 color (other than those listed above)
        '4CLR' – 4 color (other than CMYK)
        '5CLR' – 5 color
        '6CLR' – 6 color
        '7CLR' – 7 color
        'nCLR' – n color, where n is a hexadecimal value, 2 - F

    The 'PCS' value is a 4-character string, as described in section 7.2.7 of the ICC specification.

        'XYZ ' – PCSXYZ
        'Lab ' – PCSLAB

    The 'version' value is an 8-character hex string as described in section 7.2.4 of the ICC specification, default is '02400000'.

    Some commonly used 'version' values are,

        '02400000' – version 2.4.0.0 (v2.4)
        '04300000' – version 4.3.0.0 (v4.3)

    The 'subclass' value is an integer that specifies the profile structure when multiple structures are possible, default is 0.

    For Input profiles, the 'subclass' values are,

        0 - N-component LUT-based input profile (section 8.3.2)
        1 - Three-component matrix-based input profile (section 8.3.3)
        2 - Monochrome input profile (section 8.3.4)

    For Display profiles, the 'subclass' values are,

        0 - N-Component LUT-based display profile (section 8.4.2)
        1 - Three-component matrix-based display profile (section 8.4.3)
        2 - Monochrome display profile (section 8.4.4)

    For Output profiles, the 'subclass' values are,

        0 - N-component LUT-based output profile (section 8.5.2)
        2 - Monochrome output profile (section 8.5.3)

    The 'render' value is an integer as described in section 7.2.15 of the ICC specification, default is 0.

        0 – Perceptual
        1 – Media–relative colorimetric
        2 – Saturation
        3 – ICC–absolute colorimetric
  2. Required tag signatures for the profile class and subclass are added to the tag table. The corresponding tag objects are then added using the 'tag' method.

Accessors

This method returns a reference to the header hash (see "Object structure").

Usage

    $hash = $profile->header(); # get header hash
    $hash = $profile->header($replacement_hash); # set header hash

Examples

    use ICC::Profile;

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('~/Desktop/my_profile.icc'); # create a profile object
    $hash = $profile->header(); # get header hash
    $rs = $profile->header->{'key'}; # get 'key' value
    $profile->header->{'key'} = $value; # set 'key' value
    $hash = $profile->header({'key' => 'value'}); # set header hash (see note 1)
  1. The parameter is copied to the object.

profile_header

This method returns a reference to the profile header array (see "Object structure").

Usage

    $array = $profile->profile_header(); # get profile header array reference
    $array = $profile->profile_header($replace); set profile header array reference

Examples

    use ICC::Profile;

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('~/Desktop/my_profile.icc'); # create a profile object
    $array = $profile->profile_header(); # get profile header array ref
    $cmm = $profile->profile_header->[1]; # get preferred CMM signature (see note 1)
    $profile->profile_header->[1] = 'appl'; # set preferred CMM signature
  1. The structure of the header array follows table 17 in section 7.2.1 of the ICC specification.

tag_table

This method returns a reference to the tag table array (see "Object structure").

Usage

    $array = $profile->tag_table(); # get tag table array reference
    $array = $profile->tag_table($replace); # set tag table array reference

Examples

    use ICC::Profile;

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('~/Desktop/my_profile.icc'); # create a profile object
    $table = $profile->tag_table(); # get tag table array reference (see notes 1 and 2)
    $entry = profile->tag_table->[0]; # get first tag table entry (an array reference)
    $sig = profile->tag_table->[0][0]; # get signature of first table entry
    $tag = profile->tag_table->[0][3]; # get tag of first table entry (see note 3)
  1. The structure of the tag table array follows table 24 in section 7.3.1 of the ICC specification. Each entry contains the signature, offset, size, and object reference for a tag.

  2. The offset and size of a newly added tag are initially set to 0. All offsets and sizes in the tag table are re-calculated when writing the profile.

  3. Use the 'tag' method to get/set tag objects, unless you have a good reason to access the tag table directly.

tag

This method gets/sets tag object(s) from/to the tag table.

Usage

    $tag -or- @tags = $profile->tag(@sigs); # get list of tag objects
    $tag -or- @tags = $profile->tag($hash_ref); # set list of tag objects

Examples

    use ICC::Profile;

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('~/Desktop/my_profile.icc'); # create a profile object

    @tags = $profile->tag(qw(A2B1 B2A1)); # get the 'A2B1' and 'B2A1' tags (see note 1)
    ($A2B1, $B2A1) = $profile->tag(qw(A2B1 B2A1)); # same as above, but tags assigned to individual variables
    $desc = $profile->tag('desc'); # get the 'desc' tag

    @tags = $profile->tag({'A2B1' => $A2B1, 'B2A1' => $B2A1}); # set the 'A2B1' and 'B2A1' tags (see note 2)
    $desc = $profile->tag({'desc' => ICC::Profile::desc->new({'ascii' => 'printer profile'})}); # set 'desc' tag
    $profile->tag({'desc' => ICC::Profile::text->new('printer profile')}); # ignore returned tag object
    $profile->tag({'what' => undef}); # set 'what' tag to undefined value (see note 3)
    $profile->tag({'chad' => 'delete'}); # delete 'chad' tag (see note 4)
    $rem = $profile->tag({'chad' => 'delete'}); # delete 'chad' tag and return the deleted object
  1. If the tag signature is not found, undef will be returned for that tag.

  2. If the tag table already contains the tag signature, that entry will be modified to contain the new tag object. Otherwise, a new entry will be added at the end of the tag table containing the tag signature and object.

  3. The tag value may be set to undef as a temporary measure. When writing a profile, an undef tag will cause an error.

  4. A tag is deleted by setting its value to 'delete'.

Reading and writing

The new method reads various file types (ICC, TIFF, PSD) to create an object.

The following method will write a profile.

write

This method writes an ICC profile.

Usage

    $profile->write($file_path);

Examples

    use ICC::Profile;

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Color/Profiles/Recommended/CoatedGRACoL2006.icc');
    $profile->tag({'desc' => ICC::Profile::desc->new({'ascii' => 'modified'})}); # modify the 'desc' tag
    $profile->write('~/Desktop/modified.icc'); # write the modified profile (see note 1)
  1. When writing a profile, the size and offset of each tag are determined and saved in the tag table.

Utility

dump, sdump

The 'dump' method prints the profile contents to the STDOUT device. The 'sdump' method is identical, but returns a string.

Usage

    $profile->dump($flags);

Examples

    use ICC::Profile;

    $profile = ICC::Profile->new('/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Color/Profiles/Recommended/CoatedGRACoL2006.icc');

    $profile->dump(); # prints header and tag table
    $profile->dump('h'); # prints header only
    $profile->dump('t'); # prints tag table only
    $profile->dump('1'); # prints tags to level 1 only
    $profile->dump('ht1'); # prints header, tag table and tags to level 1

    $string = $profile->sdump(); # returns a string

SEE ALSO

ICC Specification

The ICC (International Color Consortium) maintains a web site at http://www.color.org The ICC specification and related materials may be downloaded from this web site.

The ICC specification is also published as ISO 15076-1.

ISO Standards

ISO 15076-1 Image technology colour management — Architecture, profile format and data structure — Part 1: Based on ICC.1:2010

LICENSE

Programs in this distribution, authored by William B. Birkett, are licensed under the GNU General Public License, v3.

See http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html for license details.

AUTHOR

William B. Birkett, <wbirkett@doplganger.com>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2004-2018 by William B. Birkett

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